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History of Lake Nakuru National Park

Lake Nakuru

Lake Nakuru is a soda Lake in the Rift Valley area of Kenya. The Lake lies to the south of Nakuru, in central Kenya and is protected by a small Lake Nakuru National Park. It varies from 5 to 45 square kilometers and lies about 160 kilometers north of Nairobi. It can be visited in a day tour from the capital or more likely as part of a circuit taking in the Masai Mara or Lake Baringo and east to Samburu. The lake’s abundance of algae attracts the vast quantity of flamingos that famously line the shore.

There are over 400 resident species of birds on the lake and in the surrounding park. Thousands of both little grebes and white winged black terns are frequently seen, as are stilts, avocets, ducks, pelicans, and cormorants. Despite the tepid and alkaline waters, a diminutive fish, Tilapia grahami has flourished after being introduced in the early 1960s. Animals like warthogs, baboons, Black and White rhinos and other large mammals will also be found there. The surface of the shallow lake is often hardly recognizable due to the continually

Establishment of Nakuru National Park

Lake Nakuru National park known for its thousands of Flamingos is around Lake Nakuru and near Nakuru town.  Lake Nakuru National Park was established in 1961 and it’s around 188 km2. Animals and Birds found around the Lake and in the national park.

Environment and Wildlife

Our tourists love to visit the area because of its ‘pink’ colored bird that covers the area. There are two types of flamingo species in their thousands there: the Lesser flamingo can be distinguished by its deep red carmine bill and pink plumage unlike the greater, which has a bill with a black tip. The Lesser flamingos are ones that are commonly pictured in documentaries mainly because they are large in number. The number varies with water and food conditions and the best vantage point is from Baboon Cliff.

Around the Lake, there is an area of 188 km fenced off as a sanctuary to protect Rothschild giraffes and black rhinos. The park has recently been enlarged partly to provide the sanctuary for the black rhino. This undertaking has necessitated a fence – to keep out poachers rather than to restrict the movement of wildlife. The park now has more than 25 rhinos, one of the largest concentrations in the country, so for our tourists, the chances of spotting these survivors are good.

Flamigoes at Lake Nakuru
Flamingoes at Lake Nakuru

There is also a number of Rothschild’s giraffe, again trans-located for safety from western Kenya beginning in 1977. Water-buck is very common and both the Kenyan species are found here. Among the predators are lion and leopard, the latter being seen much more frequently in recent times. The park also has largely sized pythons that inhabit the dense woodlands, and can often be seen crossing the roads.


Life for the flamingos

Life for the flamingos over the years has been affected by various factors that have made their number decrease. Some possible reasons why Flamingos may be decreasing in Lake Nakuru and Lake Nakuru National park:

  • Pollution resulting from industries waterworks nearby who dump waste into the waters
  • Changes in water quality which makes the lake temporarily inhospitable – the lake recedes during the dry season and floods during the wet season.
  • Global warming
  • Deforestation
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